Dynamic Data Driven Application Systems (DDDAS) Session 4

Time and Date: 14:10 - 15:50 on 11th June 2014

Room: Tully II

Chair: Ana Cortes

74 Dynamic Data Driven Crowd Sensing Task Assignment [abstract]
Abstract: To realize the full potential of mobile crowd sensing, techniques are needed to deal with uncertainty in participant locations and trajectories. We propose a novel model for spatial task assignment in mobile crowd sensing that uses a dynamic and adaptive data driven scheme to assign moving participants with uncertain trajectories to sensing tasks, in a near-optimal manner. Our scheme is based on building a mobility model from publicly available trajectory history and estimating posterior location values using noisy/uncertain measurements upon which initial tasking assignments are made. These assignments may be refined locally (using exact information) and used by participants to steer their future data collection, which completes the feedback loop. We present the design of our proposed approach with rationale to suggest its value in effective mobile crowd sensing task assignment in the presence of uncertain trajectories.
Layla Pournajaf, Li Xiong, Vaidy Sunderam
79 Context-aware Dynamic Data-driven Pattern Classification* [abstract]
Abstract: This work aims to mathematically formalize the notion of context, with the purpose of allowing contextual decision-making in order to improve performance in dynamic data driven classification systems. We present definitions for both intrinsic context, i.e. factors which directly affect sensor measurements for a given event, as well as extrinsic context, i.e. factors which do not affect the sensor measurements directly, but do affect the interpretation of collected data. Supervised and unsupervised modeling techniques to derive context and context labels from sensor data are formulated. Here, supervised modeling incorporates the a priori known factors affecting the sensing modalities, while unsupervised modeling autonomously discovers the structure of those factors in sensor data. Context-aware event classification algorithms are developed by adapting the classification boundaries, dependent on the current operational context. Improvements in context-aware classification have been quantified and validated in an unattended sensor-fence application for US Border Monitoring. Field data, collected with seismic sensors on different ground types, are analyzed in order to classify two types of walking across the border, namely, normal and stealthy. The classification is shown to be strongly dependent on the context (specifically, soil type: gravel or moist soil).
Shashi Phoha, Nurali Virani, Pritthi Chattopadhyay, Soumalya Sarkar, Brian Smith, Asok Ray